Also known as cannabidiol, CBD is one of the numerous compounds found in the hemp plant that is now known to have an array of medicinal benefits. Over the last few years, CBD has become so popular that it is now being extracted, produced and manufactured into a wide range of products, including edibles, CBD oils and even creams.
The most popular form of consumption is CBD oil and it is used to treat a number of illnesses; primarily because of the way it effects the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and doesn’t provide users with a ‘high’ that is illegal in many countries around the world. THC is the cannabinoid best known for providing this ‘high.’ Not only does CBD not get you ‘high,’ but it also helps reduce THC’s psychoactive effects.
What is the CBD Substance?
If you are reading this page, you most probably know what THC is. It (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol) is the most active ingredient in cannabis, and until recently, it was by far the best-known. THC is renowned for the mind-altering high it provides to users. In contrast, CBD is not psychoactive, but it does promote positive changes in the body.
The way CBD effects our body is quite different from the modus operandi of THC in the sense that it is not involved in direct stimulation of the CB1 and CB2 receptors. The major impact of CBD is caused on other receptors such as Serotonin, Adenosine, and Vanilloid.
For instance, the stimulation of the TRPV-1 receptor by CBD creates a variety of processes including body temperature, inflammation, and pain perception.
Moreover, CBD is known to cause an inhibition in the functioning of FAAH enzyme that directly acts on the CB1 receptor and enables THC to produce its psychoactive effect. CBD has established global interest among industry specialists and its discovery has prompted medical experts to take a closer look at the benefits of CBD.
CBD Extraction Methods
Various strains of industrial hemp are an popular way to extract CBD. They are grown around the world legally; including in India, China and several countries in Western Europe. One of the most popular industrial hemp strains is Fedora 17 because it has an extremely low THC content which means that any CBD extracted from it has virtually no psychoactive effects. CBD oil made from hemp is legal in almost every country around the world including in all 50 states in the U.S. because of the negligible THC content.
There are four common extraction methods:
━ The CO2 Cannabis Extraction Method
━ The Olive Oil Extraction Method
━ The Dry Ice Extraction Method
━ The Solvent Extraction Method
In the industrial mass production process, ethanol extraction process is the most common CBD extraction method, thanks to its thanks to its high efficiency and low cost. Filtration is a common step in producing cannabis and hemp concentrates. Centrifugation is the most effective and efficient way of separating the extracts from the solid biomass material. The extraction process can be carried out in an upstream vessel in most cases. The goal of filtration is to improve clarity, increase potency, enhance stability and create overall better consumer experience. Highest possible yield of wanted active ingredients and at the same time lowest possible amount of solids and unwanted substances in the extract are the most common demands for the filtration step.